Online sexual exploitation of children was unimaginable before the digital age. In this form of modern slavery, sex offenders from demand-side countries communicate online with traffickers in source countries, paying them to livestream sexual abuse and exploitation of children directed by the remote offender in real time.
Before the internet, customers had to travel to the Philippines to purchase sex with a minor. Traffickers recruited vulnerable teens and coerced them to work in bars or clubs. Now, paedophiles and predators can enter the homes of Filipino children through a simple internet connection. Victims tend to be young — some under two — and the traffickers tend to be trusted family members who earn quick cash by exploiting children in their care.